Still, realizing the threat of the Persians, and not wanting to appear as Persian sympathizers, the Spartan government—rather than Leonidas alone—decided to send Leonidas with his personal 300-strong bodyguard to Thermopylae. Paul Cartledge, Professor of Greek History at Cambridge University, advised the filmmakers on the pronunciation of Greek names, and said they "made good use" of his published work on Sparta. When it was released in 1962, critics saw the movie as a commentary on the Cold War,[3] referring to the independent Greek states as "the only stronghold of freedom remaining in the then known world", holding out against the Persian "slave empire". Both are fictionalized retellings of the Battle of Thermopylae within the Persian Wars. Dieses Bild wurde mit mehreren prestigeträchtigen ausgezeichnet Der Film 300 geht sehr frei mit den historischen Geschehnissen, die seiner Handlung zugrunde liegen, um. Stills from the film could easily be used to promote Buns of Steel, or AbMaster, or ThighMaster. The 300 Spartans was the last film of Richard Egan's seven-year contract with 20th Century Fox. Ayende-No, an independent Iranian newspaper, said that "[t]he film depicts Iranians as demons, without culture, feeling or humanity, who think of nothing except attacking other nations and killing people". King Leonidas of Sparta and a force of 300 men fight the Persians at Thermopylae in 480 B.C. August 480 v. "[99], Michael M. Chemers, author of "'With Your Shield, or on It': Disability Representation in 300" in the Disability Studies Quarterly, said that the film's portrayal of the hunchback and his story "is not mere ableism: this is anti-disability". [135], According to The Guardian, Iranian critics of 300, ranging from bloggers to government officials, have described the movie "as a calculated attempt to demonise Iran at a time of intensifying U.S. pressure over the country's nuclear programme". This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 04:23. [121] Various Iranian officials condemned the film. With Gerard Butler, Lena Headey, David Wenham, Dominic West. Azadeh Moaveni of Time reported, "All of Tehran was outraged. The historical consensus among both ancient chroniclers and current scholars was that Thermopylae was a clear Greek defeat; the Persian invasion would be pushed back in later ground and naval battles.[89]. from Mad Magazine #481, Sept. 2007", "National Lampoon + Kevin Dillon = A 300 Spoof", "Photograph of Tom Izzo at Midnight Madness", "Nate Ebner Earns 'Leonidas' Nickname, Dubbed Ohio State's Most Valuable Player for Strong Work Ethic", "Producers Mark Canton, Gianni Nunnari and Bernie Goldmann Exclusive Video Interview", "Interview: Director Zach Snyder talks 300", Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole, Saturn Award for Best Action or Adventure Film,, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [1] Serien är en fiktiv återberättelse av det historiska slaget vid Thermopyle.Filmen är regisserad av Zack Snyder med Frank Miller som producent och konsult. [135] Four Iranian Members of Parliament have called for Muslim countries to ban the film,[136] and a group of Iranian film makers submitted a letter of protest to UNESCO regarding the film's misrepresentation of Iranian history and culture. Snyder used this narrative technique to show the audience that the surreal "Frank Miller world" of 300 was told from a subjective perspective. The comic artist saw The 300 Spartans as a boy and said "it changed the course of my creative life". [148], In June 2008, producers Mark Canton, Gianni Nunnari and Bernie Goldmann revealed that work had begun on a sequel to 300, 300: Rise of an Empire. "[99], Dr. Kaveh Farrokh, in a paper entitled "The 300 Movie: Separating Fact from Fiction",[100] notes that the film falsely portrays "the Greco-Persian Wars in binary terms: the democratic, good, rational 'Us' versus the tyrannical, evil and irrational, 'other' of the ever-nebulous (if not exotic) 'Persia'". [58][59] 300's opening weekend gross is the 24th-highest in box office history, coming slightly below The Lost World: Jurassic Park but higher than Transformers. ", "Zack Snyder's 300 Has Arrived On 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray With Standard and SteelBook Editions", "Movie '300' to Be Simultaneously Released as IMAX Film", "Biggest Opening Weekends at the Box Office", "300 World Premiere Gets Standing Ovation", "Berlinale Update: 300 Screens To Chorus Of Boos In Berlin", "Battle of the Manly Men: Blood Bath With a Message", "Greek critics lash Hollywood's ancient epic, "MTV Movie Awards Nominees: Pirates, Spartans – And That Crazy Kazakh", "Zack Snyder's Film "300" tops in Golden Icon Awards", "Best of 2007 – Movie Awards, Movie of the Year", "Best of 2007 – Movie Awards, Best Comic Book Adaptation", "Best of 2007 – Movie Awards, Favorite Character", "The Best Conservative Movies on National Review / Digital", "This is Sparta? [109] Snyder, however, also admitted to fashioning an effeminate villain specifically to make young straight males in the audience uncomfortable: "What's more scary to a 20-year-old boy than a giant god-king who wants to have his way with you?". Februar 2007 wurde der Film im Wettbewerb der Berlinale 2007 außer Konkurrenz gezeigt. It was filmed mostly with a superimposition chroma key technique, to help replicate the imagery of the original comic book. "[99], From its opening, 300 also attracted controversy over its portrayal of Persians. They can't believe it's as accurate as it is." [8] Director Zack Snyder was hired in June 2004[9] as he had attempted to make a film based on Miller's novel before making his debut with the remake of Dawn of the Dead. [12], The film is a shot-for-shot adaptation of the comic book, similar to the film adaptation of Sin City. Ein Kontigent Phokier bewachte den Zugang zum Meer, den später die Perser nahmen, um die Griechen am Pass zu umzingeln. 1 Tidigare forskning inom film och historia 19 3. As Leonidas angrily departs, an agent from Xerxes appears, rewarding the Ephors for their covert support. "Sparta", the title track of power-metal band Sabaton's 2016 album "The Last Stand"), in television programs, and in video games. Once you make a great movie, word can spread very quickly. Miller's influence on Snyder appears to be profound. ",[142] the short film United 300 which won the 2007 MTV Movie Spoof Award,[143] and "BOO!" Touraj Daryaee, now Baskerville Professor of Iranian History and the Persian World at the University of California, Irvine, criticized the film's use of classical sources, writing: Some passages from the Classical authors Aeschylus, Diodorus, Herodotus and Plutarch are split over the movie to give it an authentic flavor. [77] Writing in the Chicago Sun-Times, Richard Roeper acclaims 300 as "the Citizen Kane of cinematic graphic novels". Promising to richly reward the traitorous goatherd for his betrayal (just as Ephialtes had expected) an emboldened Xerxes sends his army onward. [30], The score has caused some controversy in the film composer community, garnering criticism for its striking similarity to several other recent soundtracks, including James Horner and Gabriel Yared's work for the film Troy. [13] Snyder photocopied panels from the comic book, from which he planned the preceding and succeeding shots. The battle is revisited in countless adages and works of popular culture, such as in films (e.g., The 300 Spartans (1962) and 300 (2007), based on the events during and close to the time of the battle), in literature, in song (e.g. Upwards of 600 costumes were created for the film, as well as extensive prosthetics for various characters and the corpses of Persian soldiers. Through this narrative technique, various fantastical creatures are introduced, placing 300 within the genre of historical fantasy. Seit kleinauf werden sie für den Kampf erzogen. Diodorus' statement about Greek valor to preserve their liberty is inserted in the film, but his mention of Persian valor is omitted. Das alleine kann man ihm aber kaum zum Vorwurf machen, denn der Film will deutlich und für jedermann ersichtlich keine wie auch immer geartete Geschichtsdarstellung sein, sondern (getreu der Comic-Vorlage) eher ein Fantasy-Actionfilm. Dilios's story continues and a Persian herald arrives at the gates of Sparta demanding "earth and water" as a token of submission to King Xerxes—the Spartans reply by throwing the envoy and his escort into a deep well. Accompanying him are Artemisia, the Queen of Halicarnassus, who beguiles Xerxes with her feminine charm, and Demaratus, an exiled king of Sparta, to whose warnings Xerxes pays little heed. Butler said that while he did not feel constrained by Snyder's direction, fidelity to the comic imposed certain limitations on his performance. Leonidas and the remaining Spartans fight to the last man until they finally succumb to an arrow barrage. [29] A standard edition and a special edition of the soundtrack containing 25 tracks was released on March 6, 2007, with the special edition containing a 16-page booklet and three two-sided trading cards. Am Pass standen etwa 4000 Hopliten, darunter 300 Spartaner. Plot – In 480 BC the Persian King Xerxes decides to invade Greece, starting again the war begun by his father Darius I. Leonidas orders an injured but reluctant Dilios to return to Sparta and tell them of what has happened: a "tale of victory". Everywhere I went yesterday, the talk vibrated with indignation over the film". "[93], Victor Davis Hanson, National Review columnist and former professor of Classical history at California State University, Fresno, who wrote the foreword to a 2007 re-issue of the graphic novel, said the film demonstrates a specific affinity with the original material of Herodotus in that it captures the martial ethos of ancient Sparta and represents Thermopylae as a "clash of civilizations". - "Eine Ehre an deiner Seite gelebt zu haben!" After this, Leonidas learns of the Persian advance and travels to Sparta to spread the news and rally the rest of the troops. The 300 Spartans is a 1962 CinemaScope epic film depicting the Battle of Thermopylae. "Remember Us," from 300, is identical in parts to the "Finale" from Titus, and "Returns a King" is similar to the cue "Victorius Titus". First, she describes the timing of the film's release, on the eve of Norouz, the Persian New Year, as "inauspicious". [114][115][116] Greek warriors, led by 300 Spartans, fight against a Persian army of almost limitless size. [136] Moaveni reported that the Iranians she interacted with were "adamant that the movie was secretly funded by the U.S. government to prepare Americans for going to war against Iran". Marking his betrayal, the Council unanimously agrees to send reinforcements. König Leonidas marschiert mit einer kleinen Armee von loyalen Spartanern auf Thermopylen zu. Am 14. It was also the last film appearance of David Farrar, who then chose to retire from acting. 300 ist eine Co-Produktion von Warner Bros., Legendary Pictures, Atmosphere Entertainment MM, Virtual Studios und Hollywood Gang Productions, in Deutschland im Verleih der Warner Bros. Deutschland GmbH. In seinem Abenteuerepos geht es um Leidenschaft, Mut, Freiheitsdrang und Opferbereitschaft - verkörpert durch die Spartaner, die sich hier in einer der berühmtesten Schlachten der Geschichte bewährten. [48] The studio also joined with the National Hockey League to produce a 30-second TV spot promoting the film in tandem with the Stanley Cup playoffs. He suggests that the film's moral universe would have seemed "as bizarre to ancient Greeks as it does to modern historians". Collision Studios worked with Warner Bros. to capture the style of the film in the video game, which was released simultaneously with the film in the United States. [111], 300 writer Frank Miller said: "The Spartans were a paradoxical people. By using Dilios' gift of storytelling, he was able to introduce fantasy elements into the film, explaining that "Dilios is a guy who knows how not to wreck a good story with truth. [21] Headey said of her experience with the bluescreens, "It's very odd, and emotionally, there's nothing to connect to apart from another actor. Universal Pictures once planned a similar parody, titled National Lampoon's 301: The Legend of Awesomest Maximus Wallace Leonidas. The history behind the movie, "Another View: Paul Cartledge, Professor of Greek History, on, "Romanticizing the Spartan: 300 (Movie Review)", "The 300 Movie: Separating Fact from Fiction", "That Film's Real Message? Meanwhile, the Thespians, who had refused to leave, are overwhelmed (offscreen) while defending the rear. The film proved to be very popular, with 27.1 million total viewers. On July 21, 2009, Warner Bros. released a new Blu-ray Disc entitled 300: The Complete Experience to coincide with the Blu-ray Disc release of Watchmen. Despite the odds, the Spartans will not flee or surrender, even if it means their deaths. Visual effects supervisor Chris Watts and production designer Jim Bissell created a process dubbed "The Crush,"[18] which allowed the Meteor artists to manipulate the colors by increasing the contrast of light and dark. [49], In August 2006, Warner Bros. announced 300's release date as March 16, 2007,[50] but in October the release was moved forward to March 9, 2007. Leonidas receives word sent by his wife that, by decision of the Ephors, the remainder of the Spartan army, rather than joining him as he had expected, will only fortify the isthmus in the Peloponnese and will advance no further. I wanted these guys to move and I wanted 'em to look good. [79] IGN's Todd Gilchrist acclaimed Zack Snyder as a cinematic visionary and "a possible redeemer of modern moviemaking". becoming common at sporting events starting after the film's release, and Michigan State basketball head coach Tom Izzo dressed as Leonidas at one student event. Both are fictionalized retellings of the Battle of Thermopylae within the Persian Wars. Doch die Spartaner sind die zähesten und härtesten Kämpfer überhaupt. Nonton Film 300 (2006) Berdasarkan novel grafis Frank Miller, “300” sangat longgar berdasarkan 480 SM. 300: Rise of An Empire: Ein neuer Held taucht auf. by Mad magazine in its September 2007 issue #481, written by Desmond Devlin and illustrated by Mort Drucker. Second, Iranians tend to view the era depicted in the film as "a particularly noble page in their history". The closest comparison you can draw in terms of our own military today is to think of the red-caped Spartans as being like our special-ops forces. Kurz vor der Umzingelung schickten die Spartaner einen Großteil der 4000 weg. Theron, a corrupt politician, claims that he "owns" the Council and threatens the Queen, who reluctantly submits to his sexual demands in return for his help. König Leonidas marschiert mit einer kleinen Armee von loyalen Spartanern auf Thermopylen zu. [38] Despite stringent security, the trailer was subsequently leaked on the Internet. A small Army of Greeks spearheaded by three hundred Spartans do … Moreover, it is absolutely impossible that Persians used African rhinoceros like that shown in the film, also given the impossibility of training them for any purpose, as borne out by animal behavior's scientists. To block the advance of the army of Xerxes, the Greek cities join forces, led by the Spartan King Leonidas. The Spartans' use of the narrow terrain, in those particular circumstances, is a military tactic known as "defeat in detail". Shaun Smith and Mark Rappaport worked hand in hand with Snyder in pre-production to design the look of the individual characters, and to produce the prosthetic makeup effects, props, weapons and dummy bodies required for the production. 300 (2007) is based on Frank Miller's graphic novel of the same name, and loosely based on the events that occured at The Battle of Thermopylae. I made them as cruel as I thought a modern audience could stand. Sources say that the network paid between $17 million[55] and just under $20 million[54] for the broadcasting rights. [10] Snyder then had screenwriter Kurt Johnstad rewrite Gordon's script for production[9] and Frank Miller was retained as consultant and executive producer. They are joined along the way by a few thousand Arcadians. 2 Film och historia – ett forskningsområde 18 3. Es ist das letzte Aufgebot: 300 loyale Elite-Kämpfer stehen König Leonidas (Gerard Butler) von Sparta bei, als er 480 vor Christus in den Krieg zieht. Xerxes, however, receives word from the treacherous and avaricious Ephialtes of a secret old goat-track through the mountains that will enable his forces to attack the Greeks from the rear. [103] The interviewer remarked that "everyone is sure to be translating this [film] into contemporary politics". This was the first time in history that a world power had guaranteed the survival of the Jewish people, religion, customs and culture." Robinson Crusoe (2016) Dubbing PL premium Pełna przygód i humoru animacja dla całej rodziny! [110] Slovenian critic Slavoj Žižek pointed out that the story represents "a poor, small country (Greece) invaded by the army of a much large[r] state (Persia)," suggesting that the identification of the Spartans with a modern superpower is flawed. Über 250.000 Soldaten hatte der Perserkönig am 11. Leonidas gelingt es … After one final speech commemorating the 300, Dilios, now head of the Spartan Army, leads them to battle against the Persians across the fields of Plataea. [135] Newspapers in Iran featured headlines such as "Hollywood declares war on Iranians" and "300 Against 70 Million" (Iran's population). Bildgewaltiges Helden-Epos mit Gerard Butler: Im Jahre 480 vor Christus marschiert der persische Großkönig Xerxes mit einer riesigen Armee nach Griechenland. [6][7] 300 was jointly produced by Nunnari and Mark Canton, and Michael B. Gordon wrote the script. 1 Orientalistisk film 16 3. Wir schreiben das Jahr 480 vor Christus. The New York Post's Kyle Smith wrote that the film would have pleased "Adolf's boys,"[105] and Slate's Dana Stevens compares the film to The Eternal Jew, "as a textbook example of how race-baiting fantasy and nationalist myth can serve as an incitement to total war. Bates said that the score had "a lot of weight and intensity in the low end of the percussion" that Snyder found agreeable to the film. Leonidas gelingt es … However, the film's budgetary constraints reduced the numbers drawn to only two battalions (approximately 1,100 men). Nun setzen sie alle ihre erlernten Fähigkeiten ein, um die Freiheit ihres Landes zu verteidigen. A sequel, titled Rise of an Empire, based on Miller's previously unpublished graphic novel prequel Xerxes, was released on March 7, 2014. [91] Cartledge writes that he enjoyed the film, although he found Leonidas' description of the Athenians as "boy lovers" ironic, since the Spartans themselves incorporated institutional pederasty into their educational system. One year later, the Persians face an army of 30,000 free Greeks led by a vanguard of 10,000 Spartans. [102] According to the Spartan tradition, newborns were inspected and discarded in case of deformity or weakness, but they were not pushed down a cliff as shown in the film. Und du wirst es nicht genießen." [65] They credited the film's stylized violence, the strong female role of Queen Gorgo which attracted a large number of women, and a MySpace advertising blitz. The 300 Spartans (217) IMDb 6.6 1h 53min 18+ The 300 Spartans tells the story of how Spartan King Leonidis led an extremely small army of Greek soldiers to … [107], Newsday critic Gene Seymour, on the other hand, stated that such reactions are misguided, writing that "the movie's just too darned silly to withstand any ideological theorizing". [93] Lytle also commented: "Ephialtes, who betrays the Greeks, is likewise changed from a local Malian of sound body into a Spartan outcast, a grotesquely disfigured troll who by Spartan custom should have been left exposed as an infant to die. Made with the cooperation of the Greek government, it was shot in the village of Perachora in the Peloponnese. nach Griechenland gebracht, um die Griechen zu unterwerfen und seinen Machtanspruch festzulegen. Geradezu lebensmüde mutet sein Versuch an, sich dem in die Hunderttausende gehenden Heer von Perserkönig Xerxes (Rodrigo Santoro) entgegenzustellen, der in Griechenland eingefallen ist und das Land unterjocht. Die "300" Spartaner widerstehen Angriff auf Angriff der persischen Übermacht. Ein Kontigent Phokier bewachte den Zugang zum Meer, den später die Perser nahmen, um die Griechen am Pass zu umzingeln. Dabei geht er auch darauf ein, wie Spartaner schwache Säuglinge nach der Geburt töten und 15-Jährige Jungen zum Überlebenskampf in die Wildnis schicken. "The founder of the Achaemenid Empire, Cyrus the Great, was the world's first emperor to openly declare and guarantee the sanctity of human rights and individual freedom", "Cyrus was a follower of the teachings of Zoroaster, the founder of one of the world's oldest monotheistic religions", and to put his own words in action "When Cyrus defeated King Nabonidus of Babylon, he officially declared the freedom of the Jews from their Babylonian captivity. Der historische Film von 300 Spartanern, Schauspielern und Rollen, die in diesem Artikel präsentiert werden, auf Bildschirmen, die 2007 verlassen wurden. They were the biggest slave owners in Greece. [152], This article is about the 2006 film. [120], The film's portrayal of ancient Persians caused a particularly strong reaction in Iran. It's about the romanticizing of the Spartan 'ideal', a process that began even in ancient times, was promoted by the Romans, and has survived over time while less and less resembling the actual historical Sparta. Ghislain St-Pierre, who led the team of artists, described the effect: "Everything looks realistic, but it has a kind of a gritty illustrative feel. Since then 300's Spring release record was broken by Fast and Furious and 300's March record was broken by Tim Burton's Alice in Wonderland. ", The battle scenes were shot near the village of Perachora, on the mainland side of the Corinth Canal, as it was impossible to shoot at the actual location in Thermopylae, where 2,500 years of silt had shrunk the Malian Gulf drastically since the battle in 480 BCE, turning the strait where the battle was fought into a broad coastal plain. [68], As of October 2020, on Rotten Tomatoes the film had an approval rating of 61% based on 235 reviews, with an average rating of 6.13/10. Wir schreiben das Jahr 480 vor Christus. That's what I say when people say it's historically inaccurate". [104], Outside the current political parallels, some critics have raised more general questions about the film's ideological orientation. The sequel, 300: Rise of an Empire, was released on March 7, 2014. [144] 20th Century Fox released Meet the Spartans, a spoof directed by Jason Friedberg and Aaron Seltzer. [117][118] Critics suggested that this was meant to stand in stark contrast to the portrayed masculinity of the Spartan army. [71], Some of the most unfavorable reviews came from major American newspapers. [39] Warner Bros. released the official trailer for 300 on October 4, 2006,[40] and later on it made its debut on where it received considerable exposure. The Athenians were fighting a sea battle during this. The plot revolves around King Leonidas (Gerard Butler), who leads 300 Spartans into battle against the Persian "God-King" Xerxes (Rodrigo Santoro) and his invading army of more than 300,000 soldiers. Weitere Aufnahmen entstanden in Los An… [11] Frank Miller's original graphic novel 300 was inspired by the film The 300 Spartans, which Miller first saw at age 6. When Theron disgraces her in front of the Council, Gorgo kills him out of rage, revealing within his robe a bag of Xerxes' gold. In 479 B.C., one year after the Battle of Thermopylae, Dilios, a hoplite in the Spartan army, begins his story by depicting the life of Leonidas I from childhood to kingship via Spartan doctrine. This film version of Miller and Varley's graphic novel is the inspiration of director and co-writer Zack Snyder, who is said to have been deeply moved both by his childhood viewing of the 1962 The 300 Spartans and by the Miller-Varley graphic novel. 300 won both the Best Dramatic Film and Best Action Film honors in the 2006–2007 Golden Icon Awards presented by Travolta Family Entertainment. It was filmed mostly with a superimposition chroma key technique, to help replicate the imagery of the original comic book. 300 was released for the first time in Austin Butt-Numb-A-Thon on December 9, 2006, later released in Berlin International Film Festival on February 14, 2007, and finally released in both conventional and IMAX theaters in the United States on March 9, 2007, and on DVD, Blu-ray Disc, and HD DVD on July 31, 2007. As the battle rages, Queen Gorgo (Lena Headey) attempts to rally support in Sparta for her husband. For the wider establishing scenes of the battle, one battalion was retained to play both Greeks and Persians. The story is framed by a voice-over narrative by the Spartan soldier Dilios (David Wenham). Both are fictionalized retellings of the Battle of Thermopylae within the Persian Wars. 300 (2006) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. They are then all annihilated as the remaining Immortals rain down a barrage of arrowfire. Producer Gianni Nunnari was not the only person planning a film about the Battle of Thermopylae; director Michael Mann already planned a film of the battle based on the book Gates of Fire. [88] Other Greek poleis joined the 300 Spartan men, totaling somewhere between 5,000 and 6,000 total Greek troops. Classical sources are certainly used, but exactly in all the wrong places, or quite naively. T here are essentially two things you need to know about 300: It's extremely violent, and it's unlike anything you've seen before. The Ephors consult the Oracle, who decrees that Sparta may not go to war during the Carneia. Az új életre kelt spártai király megint bazi nagy dobásra készül a szorosnál. The background music used in the trailers was "Just Like You Imagined" by Nine Inch Nails.

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